Книга: UNIX — универсальная среда программирования

3.7.14 hoc.y

3.7.14 hoc.y
%{
#include "hoc.h"
#define code2(c1,c2) code(c1); code(c2)
#define code3(c1,c2,c3) code(c1); code(c2); code(c3)
%}
%union {
 Symbol *sym; /* symbol table pointer */
 Inst *inst; /* machine instruction */
 int narg; /* number of arguments */
}
%token <sym> NUMBER STRING PRINT VAR BLTIN UNDEF WHILE IF ELSE
%token <sym> FUNCTION PROCEDURE RETURN FUNC PROC READ
%token <narg> ARG
%type <inst> expr stmt asgn prlist stmtlist
%type <inst> cond while if begin end
%type <sym> procname
%type <narg> arglist
%right '='
%left OR
%left AND
%left GT GE LT LE EQ NE
%left '+' '-' %left '/'
%left UNARYMINUS NOT
%right '^'
%%
list: /* nothing */
 | list 'n'
 | list defn 'n'
 | list asgn 'n' { code2(pop, STOP); return 1; }
 | list stmt 'n' { code(STOP); return 1; }
 | list expr 'n' { code2(print, STOP); return 1; }
 | list error 'n' { yyerrok; }
 ;
asgn: VAR '=' expr { code3(varpush,(Inst)$1,assign); $$=$3; }
 | ARG '=' expr
 { defnonly("$"); code2(argassign,(Inst)$1); $$=$3;}
 ;
stmt: expr { code(pop); }
 | RETURN { defnonly("return"); code(procret); }
 | RETURN expr
 { defnonly("return"); $$=$2; code(funcret); }
 | PROCEDURE begin '(' arglist ')'
 { $$ = $2; code3(call, (Inst)$1, (Inst)$4); }
 | PRINT prlist { $$ = $2; }
 | while cond stmt end {
  ($1)UID = (Inst)$3; /* body of loop */
  ($1)[2] = (Inst)$4;
 } /* end, if cond fails */
 | if cond stmt end { /* else-less if */
  ($1)[1] = (Inst)$3; /* thenpart */
  ($1)[3] = (Inst)$4;
 } /* end, if cond fails */
 | if cond stmt end ELSE stmt end { /* if with else */
  ($1)[1] = (Inst)$3; /* thenpart */
  ($1)[2] = (Inst)$6; /* elsepart */
  ($1)[3] = (Inst)$7;
 } /* end, if cond fails */
 | '{' stmtlist '}' { $$ = $2; }
 ;
cond: '(' expr ')' { code(STOP); $$ = $2; }
 ;
while: WHILE { $$ = code3(whilecode,STOP,STOP); }
 ;
if: IF { $$ = code(ifcode); code3(STOP,STOP,STOP); }
 ;
begin: /* nothing */ { $$ = progp; }
 ;
end: /* nothing */ { code(STOP); $$ = progp; }
 ;
stmtlist: /* nothing */ { $$ = progp; }
 | stmtlist 'n'
 | stmtlist stmt
 ;
expr: NUMBER { $$ = code2(constpush, (Inst)$1); }
 | VAR { $$ = code3(varpush, (Inst)$1, eval); }
 | ARG { defnonly("$"); $$ = code2(arg, (Inst)$1); }
 | asgn
 | FUNCTION begin '(' arglist ');
 { $$ = $2; code3(call,(Inst)$1,(Inst)$4); }
 | READ '(' VAR ')'{$$ = code2(varread, (Inst)$3); }
 | BLTIN '(' expr ')' { $$=$3; code2(bltin, (Inst)$1->u.ptr); }
 | '(' expr ')' { $$ = $2; }
 | expr '+' expr { code(add); }
 | expr '-' expr { code(sub); }
 | expr '*' expr { code(mul); }
 | expr '/' expr { code(div); }
 | expr '^' expr { code(power); }
 | '-' expr %prec UNARYMINUS { $$=$2; code(negate); }
 | expr GT expr { code(gt); }
 | expr GE expr { code(ge); }
 | expr LT expr { code(lt); }
 | expr LE expr { code(le); }
 | expr EQ expr { code(eq); }
 | expr NE expr { code(ne); }
 | expr AND expr { code(and); }
 | expr OR expr { code(or); }
 | NOT expr { $$ = $2; code(not); }
 ;
prlist: expr { code(prexpr); }
 | STRING { $$ = code2(prstr, (Inst)$1); }
 | prlist expr { code(prexpr); }
 | prlist STRING { code2(prstr, (Inst)$3); }
 ;
defn: FUNC procname { $2->type=FUNCTION; indef=1; }
 '(' ')' stmt { code(procret); define($2); indef=0; }
 | PROC procname { $2->type=PROCEDURE; indef=1; }
 '(' ')' stmt { code(procret); define($2); indef=0; }
 ;
procname: VAR
 | FUNCTION
 | PROCEDURE
 ;
arglist: /* nothing */ { $$ = 0; }
 | expr { $$ = 1; }
 | arglist expr { $$ = $1 + 1; }
 ;
%%
/* end of grammar */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
char *progname;
int lineno = 1;
#include <signal.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
jmp_buf begin;
int indef;
char *infile; /* input file name */
FILE *fin; /* input file pointer */
char **gargv; /* global argument list */
int gargc;
int c; /* global for use by warning() */
yylex() /* hoc6 */
{
 while ((c=getc(fin)) == ' ' || c == 't')
  ;
 if (c == EOF)
  return 0;
 if (c == '.' || isdigit(c)) { /* number */
  double d;
  ungetc(c, fin);
  fscanf(fin, "%lf", &d);
  yylval.sym = install("", NUMBER, d);
  return NUMBER;
 }
 if (isalpha(c)) {
  Symbol *s;
  char sbuf[100], *p = sbuf;
  do {
   if (p >= sbuf + sizeof(sbuf) - 1) {
    *p = '';
    execerror("name too long", sbuf);
   }
   *p++ = c;
  } while ((c=getc(fin)) != EOF && isalnum(c));
  ungetc(c, fin);
  *p = '';
  if ((s=lookup(sbuf)) == 0)
   s = install(sbuf, UNDEF, 0.0);
  yylval.sym = s;
  return s->type == UNDEF ? VAR : s->type;
 }
 if (c == '$') { /* argument? */
  int n = 0;
  while (isdigit(c=getc(fin)))
   n=10*n+c- '0';
  ungetc(c, fin);
  if (n == 0)
   execerror("strange $...", (char*)0);
  yylval.narg = n;
  return ARG;
 }
 if (c == '"') { /* quoted string */
  char sbuf[100], *p, *emalloc();
  for (p = sbuf; (c=getc(fin)) != '"'; p++) {
   if (с == 'n' || c == EOF)
    execerror("missing quote", "");
   if (p >= sbuf + sizeof(sbuf) - 1) {
    *p = '';
    execerror("string too long", sbuf);
   }
   *p = backslash(c);
  }
  *p = 0;
  yylval.sym = (Symbol*)emalloc(strlen(sbuf)+1);
  strcpy(yylval.sym, sbuf);
  return STRING;
 }
 switch (c) {
 case '>': return follow('=', GE, GT);
 case '<': return follow('=', LE, LT);
 case '=': return follow('=', EQ, '=');
 case '!': return follow('=', NE, NOT);
 case '|': return follow(' |', OR, '|');
 case '&': return follow('&', AND, '&');
 case 'n': lineno++; return 'n';
 default: return c;
 }
}
backslash(c) /* get next char with 's interpreted */
 int c;
{
 char *index(); /* 'strchr()' in some systems */
 static char transtab[] = "bbffnnrrtt";
 if (c != '')
  return c;
 с = getc(fin);
 if (islower(c) && index(transtab, c))
  return index(transtab, с)[1];
 return c;
}
follow(expect, ifyes, ifno) /* look ahead for >=, etc. */
{
 int с = getc(fin);
 if (c == expect)
  return ifyes;
 ungetc(c, fin);
 return ifno;
}
defnonly(s) /* warn if illegal definition */
 char *s;
{
 if (!indef)
  execerror(s, "used outside definition");
}
yyerror(s) /* report compile-time error */
 char *s;
{
 warning(s, (char *)0);
}
execerror(s, t) /* recover from run-time error */
 char *s, *t;
{
 warning(s, t);
 fseek(fin, 0L, 2); /* flush rest of file */
 longjmp(begin, 0);
}
fpecatch() /* catch floating point exceptions */
{
 execerror("floating point exception", (char*)0);
}
main(argc, argv) /* hoc6 */
 char *argv[];
{
 int i, fpecatch();
 progname = argv[0];
 if (argc == 1) { /* fake an argument list */
  static char *stdinonly[] = { "-" };
  gargv = stdinonly;
  gargc = 1;
 } else {
  gargv = argv+1;
  gargc = argc-1;
 }
 init();
 while (moreinput())
  run();
 return 0;
}
moreinput() {
 if (gargc-- <= 0)
  return 0;
 if (fin && fin != stdin)
  fclose(fin);
 infile = *gargv++;
 lineno = 1;
 if (strcmp(infile, "-") == 0) {
  fin = stdin;
  infile = 0;
 } else if ((fin=fopen(infile, "r")) == NULL) {
  fprintf (stderr, "%s: can't open %sn", progname, infile);
  return moreinput();
 }
 return 1;
}
run() /* execute until EOF */
{
 setjmp(begin);
 signal(SIGFPE, fpecatch);
 for (initcode(); yyparse(); initcode())
  execute(progbase);
}
warning(s, t) /* print warning message */
 char *s, *t;
{
 fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s", progname, s);
 if (t)
  fprintf(stderr, " %s", t);
 if (infile)
  fprintf(stderr, " in %s", infile);
 fprintf(stderr, " near line %dn", lineno);
 while (c != 'n' && c != EOF)
  с = getc(fin); /* flush rest of input line */
 if (c == 'n')
  lineno++;
}

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