: The Red Web: The Struggle Between Russia

INDEX

INDEX

Abramovich, Roman, 86

Academy of Sciences Computation Center, 2023

acoustic laboratory, 57, 178180

The Acoustic Theory of Speech Production (Fant), 180

Adagamov, Rustem, 117

Afanasyev, Alexey, 198199

Afghanistan, 18, 34

Agence France-Press, 57

Agency of Strategic Initiatives, 300

Agentura.ru, 71, 107, 151, 162

airport, 202203, 206208

Aistova, Katarina, 281, 283

Akunin, Boris, 146, 158

Alexandrov, Anatoly, 27

algorithms, 114115, 172

All-Russia Peoples Front, 294295, 300301

Alperovitch, Dmitri, 320, 323

America, 75, 181, 187, 333334

Boston marathon bombing in, 245247

cyber weapons from, 228

Electronic Frontier Foundation in, 216217

FAPSI and, 224225

human rights in, 206207

Internet and, 223, 238, 294295

Krutskikh and, 227228

on Maidan uprising, 283287

Obama of, 237, 246, 283, 323, 326

presidential election in, 311, 317319, 327331, 335337

against Russian proposals, 234236

SORM and, 244245

surveillance in, 78, 180, 202, 213

See also Snowden, Edward

Amnesty International, 205208

Andropov, Yuri, 1415, 22, 78, 90

Anonymous, 218

Anonymous International, 283

Antonov, Polina, 39, 47

Antonov, Vadim, 38, 47

Arab Spring, 123125, 231

arrests, 157158, 333335

of Gusinsky, 101102

of Navalny, A., 141142, 146, 164165, 272273

after parliamentary election fraud, 141142

Assange, Julian, 312313, 315, 326

assassinations, 106, 263264, 313314, 339340

attacks, 149, 150, 153, 279280, 308

on TV Dozhd, 269270

against Yandex, 295296

Azar, Ilya, 139140, 261

Bardin, Valery, 28, 3031, 4849, 53

coup attempt and, 3640, 43

with Soldatov, Alexey, 3638

Yeltsin and, 3738

Barry, Ellen, 206207

Beckstrom, Rod, 231

Ben Ali, Zine El Abidine, 123

Bereznitskaya-Bruni, Lena, 108, 263

Berezovsky, Boris, 62, 8687

Berkut, 276277

Berlin, East Germany, 8283

black box, 66

See also System of Operative Search Measures

blacklists, 166167, 198, 263

circumvention tools for, 265269

DPI and, 168169

filtering and, 195196

Ksenzov and, 200201

Nossik and, 172, 264265

blocking

of Navalny, A., 261262, 267

of Roskomnadzor, 268269

blogs, 101, 109, 116117, 149

legislation against, 215

of Navalny, A., 120, 136

Semantic Archive team on, 127128

Blumenthal, Sidney, 330, 336337

Bolotnaya Square, 144147, 157

before inauguration, 163165

bombings, 85, 245247, 252253

Borogan, Irina, 1314, 3536

as journalist, 6061, 247248

Bortnikov, Alexander, 123124

Boston marathon bombing, 245247

botnets, 150

Brazil, 237238

Breedlove, Philip, 323

Brezhnev, Leonid, 10

Bulgak, Vladimir, 43, 5152, 74

international telecommunications and, 4647

Kudryavtsev compared to, 46

Ryzhkov, N., and, 4647

Yeltsin with, 4042

Buravlyov, Sergei, 324325, 334

Burkov, Dmitry, 31

BuzzFeed, 272

Bykov, Andrei, 7578

cameras, 58, 147, 175176, 247248

Cameron, David, 246247

Canada, 239

Cancer Ward (Solzhenitsyn), 26

Carlson, Chester, 8

CBMs. See confidence building measures

CEKO-2, 82

cell phones, 74, 204, 237, 255

censorship, 1115, 340

photocopying machine and, 910

Relcom and, 3840

Center of Civil Liberties, 276

Central Committee, 1819, 22, 78, 90

Central Research Institute of the Communications Ministry, 7172

Cerf, Vint, 233

Cheburashka, 302

Chechen, 85, 107108, 225, 245247

Chernobyl nuclear accident, 34

China, 320321, 341

Chisinau, Moldova, 910

Chuchupal, Vladimir, 183, 186

circumvention tools, 265269

Citizen Lab, 239242

Cityline, 62

Clinton, Bill, 229

Clinton, Hillary, 317319, 327328, 330

conspiracy theories about, 336337

CNN, 39, 216

Colombia, 188189

communications, 253254

Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (1994), 71

Communist Party, 13

compromising materials (kompromat), 6162, 70, 154, 321, 323

computer chip manufacturing, 27

Computerland USSR, 23

Computerra, 66

computers, 2023, 2728

confidence building measures (CBMs), 324

conspiracy, 259260

conspiracy theories, 336337

control points, 8182

controllers, 7981

cooperative, 2829

corruption, 62, 120, 254, 313, 316317

cosmopolitanism, 5

Cossacks, 255

coup attempt, 3035, 41, 45

Bardin and, 3640, 43

Relcom in, 3840, 4243

credit cards, 6566

crime reporting, 6061

Crimea, 303, 308, 311

criminals, 184185

crowdfunding, 157

CrowdStrike, 320, 323, 326

cryptology, 6566

cyber weapons, 228

CyberBerkut, 321322

cybercrime, 333335

Cyberguards of the Safe Internet League, 201

Dagestan, 253254

Dalai Lama, 240

Dalsvyaz, 181182

Daniel, Michael, 324325

DAS. See Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad

Davydov, Anatoly, 305307

Davydova, Svetlana, 305307

DDOS. See distributed denial of service

deaths, 307308

assassinations, 106, 263264, 313314, 339340

debates, 9798, 171

Decree No. 3, 40

deep packet inspection (DPI), 168170, 190191, 212, 241

Deibert, Ron, 239, 250

democracy, 113, 135136

Democratic National Committee (DNC), 318320, 322323, 325326, 328

demonstrations, 124125

See also protests

Demos (dialogue united mobile operating system), 2830, 40, 4748

denial-of-service attack, 279280

Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS), 188189

Department of Operative-Technical Measures (DOTM), 289

dialogue united mobile operating system (Demos), 2830, 40, 4748

digital sovereignty, 209210

of nations, 233237

diplomats, 285286

Direct Communications Line, 324325

Direct Line, 154156

distributed denial of service (DDOS), 116, 149152, 198199

DNC. See Democratic National Committee

Dobrodeyev, Boris, 300

Doctrine of the Information Security of the Russian Federation, 226

Dokuchaev, Dmitry, 333334

domain names, 9697, 121, 303

Dostoyevsky, Fyodor, 285

DOTM. See Department of Operative-Technical Measures

DPI. See deep packet inspection

drones, 147, 248

Dubai conference, 232236

Durov, Pavel, 153154, 291, 292293, 294

See also VKontakte

Dvorkovich, Arkady, 134

East Germany, 8283, 88

eavesdropping, 66, 75, 78, 180

See also telephone eavesdropping

Echo Moskvy, 40, 108, 143, 150151, 155, 219

Egorova, Vika, 6568, 84

Eismont, Masha, 59

Ej.ru, 262264

election fraud, 140141, 290

See also parliamentary election fraud; presidential elections; protests

elections99.com, 92

Electronic Frontier Foundation, 216217

Elistratov, Mikhail, 50

engineers, 177178, 185187, 190

entrepreneurs, 47, 299302

Epic Hero, 142143, 151

Estonia, 151152

ethics, 6162, 317318, 336

of engineers, 177, 185187, 190

of Koval, 185186

Levenchuk and, 187188

EU. See European Union

EUnet, 30

Euromaidan SOS, 276277, 293

European Union (EU), 275276, 286

Evening Internet (Nossik), 6263

evidence, 3435

exchange points, 4951, 304

expos?, 5556, 58

extremism, 115

eyewitness reports, 42

face recognition, 175177, 185

Facebook, 128, 144, 153, 157, 205206, 273

Maidan uprising on, 216

Roskomnadzor against, 200, 272

Zhunich and, 218

Fancy Bear (fictitious name), 319320, 322, 326327

Fant, Gunnar, 180181

FAPSI. See Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information

fear, 5758, 124, 242, 340341

Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information (FAPSI), 5255

America and, 224225

Egorova and, 6568

Internet and, 224226

Federal Agency for Supervision of Communications. See Roskomnadzor

Federal Security Service (FSB), 93, 115, 128, 163

against Davydova, S., 306307

Durov and, 293

Information Security Center of, 76, 126127

against Internet, 6670

against Klishin, 160161

Nossik against, 211212

Sinodov and, 125127

against Versiya, 107108

warrants and, 6869

Yeltsin and, 5253

See also Olympics; System of Operative Search Measures

Felgenhauer, Tatyana, 219

filtering, 172173, 195196

Finland, 30, 47, 90, 203

The First Circle (Solzhenitsyn), 26

Ford Foundation, 239

foreign advisors, 297298

foreign embassies, 75, 81

foreigners, 1213, 333

Foundation for Effective Politics, 92, 106

Fradkov, Mikhail, 196

France, 57, 282, 322

Fredkin, Ed, 2023

Freedom from Roskomnadzor, 266

Fridkin, Vladimir, 710

FSB. See Federal Security Service

funding, 157, 186

from KGB, 182184

for Kurchatov Institute, 4748

Gabrielyan, Vladimir, 211

Gaddafi, Muammar, 124

Gazeta.ru, 109, 138

Gazprom, 102

Gazprombank, 186

generational stagnation, 128129

Georgia, 110

Germany, 8283, 88, 271272

Gershenzon, Lev, 112115, 145, 172

on parliamentary election fraud, 140141

glasnost (policy of openness and transparency), 3536, 88

Glavlit. See Protection of State Secrets in the Press

Global Internet Policy Initiative, 230

Goldman Sachs, 318319

Goldstein, Boris, 7273, 231

Golos, 137139, 150151

Goloskokov, Konstantin, 151152

Google, 220, 233

Zhunich and, 217218

Google Blogspot, 198

Gorbachev, Mikhail, 20, 199

coup attempt against, 3036, 3843, 45

glasnost of, 3536

KGB against, 3033

Yeltsin and, 3233

Gorbenko, Alexander, 144

Goskomizdat, 12

Graham, Loren, 186187

Greenwald, Glenn, 212

Gref, German, 296

Grigoriev, Andrei, 59

Grishin, Dmitry, 301302

Gromyko, Andrei, 223224

GRU. See Main Intelligence Department

Guardian, 249250, 281282

Gusev, Vyacheslav, 7172

Gusinsky, Vladimir, 5556, 58, 87, 104105

arrest of, 101102

Pavlovsky and, 9192

Hacker Hell, 321

hacker patriots, 116, 151

hackers, 150151, 327, 333335

DNC and, 318320, 322323, 325326, 328

on Echo Moskvy, 150151

kompromat from, 321, 323

Harding, Luke, 249

Harrison, Sarah, 207208, 312313, 315316

Henry, Shawn, 320

Hill, Christopher, 343

Hollande, Fran?ois, 237

Hoover, J. Edgar, 181

Hosein, Gus, 244

hotlines, 137, 276277, 305306, 324, 334

human rights, 206207, 221, 306307

human rights organizations, 202204

Human Rights Watch, 203204

Hurtado, Maria del Pilar, 189

ICANN. See Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

The Idiot (Dostoyevsky), 285

IMSI-catcher, 278

inauguration, 163165

Indrik, 332

Information Security Center, 76, 126127

information warfare, 225226

Innocence of Muslims, 169, 198

Institute of Crystallography, 9

intercity telephones, 47, 74

international telecommunications, 1416

Bulgak and, 4647

for Olympics, 1719

International Telecommunications Union (ITU), 230237

Internet, 30, 62, 106, 119, 299, 337

Agentura.ru, 107

America and, 223, 238, 294295

definitions of, 230, 343

demonstrations from, 124125

digital sovereignty over, 209210

domain names for, 9697

exchange points for, 4951, 304

FAPSI and, 224226

filtering of, 172173

FSB against, 6670

infrastructure status related to, 9596

intimidation and, 341342

M9 for, 50, 83

malware on, 162163

MSK-IX for, 5051, 83, 304

national sovereignty over, 233238

news aggregator from, 63

printing press compared to, 343

public debate about, 9798

telephone eavesdropping on, 154

VNET, 4849

Yandex on, 111112

See also Pavlovsky, Gleb

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), 229232, 303

Internet leaders, 299302

Internet service providers (ISP), 4749, 62, 172173, 266

SORM for, 66, 6884

intimidation, 256, 341342

in Maidan uprising, 277278, 287288

inventors, 301302

Islamic militants, 252253

See also Chechen

ISP. See Internet service providers

Israel, 1417, 6263

ITU. See International Telecommunications Union

Ivankovich, Maria, 235

Ivanov, Sergei, 328, 330

Ivashentseva, Elena, 112

Jabotinsky, Vladimir, 15

Jews, 57, 9, 1415

journalists, 90, 107108, 308

denials for, 8788

ethics of, 6162

Olympics and, 242

at Segodnya, 5862

Sinodov and, 125127

Snowden and, 203, 210

Soldatov, Andrei, as, 5860, 7577

SORM related to, 7184

unemployment of, 105106, 109

Kalgin, Yevgeny, 3233, 42

Kalyagin, Nikolai, 8283

Karachinsky, Anatoly, 298

Kaspersky, Eugene, 152, 198199, 200, 297

Kaspersky Lab, 297299, 331335

Kazakhstan, 190

KGB (Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti), 7, 9, 5152, 152, 256, 340

Bykov and, 7778

funding from, 182184

against Gorbachev, 3033

Pavlovsky and, 91

Putin and, 8890, 9899

telephone eavesdropping by, 3132, 7273, 77, 8182

See also Federal Security Service

Khitrov, Mikhail, 184

Khodorkovsky, Mikhail, 113, 130131

Khrushchev, Nikita, 10

Kichatkin, Leonid, 307308

King, Eric, 169, 240241

Kirilenko, Anastasia, 255

Kiselev, Yevgeny, 86, 104

Kleymenov, Kirill, 213214

Klimashin, Nikolai, 226, 229, 237

Klishin, Ilya, 142143, 160161, 219, 269, 282

Kobets, Konstantin, 37

Kolesnikov, Andrei, 303

Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti. See KGB

kompromat (compromising materials), 6162, 70, 154, 321, 323

Kopelev, Lev, 56, 14, 178180, 185

Korsun, Konstantin, 280

Korsunsky, Vladimir, 264

Korzhakov, Alexander, 53, 5556, 58

Kostin, Konstantin, 111113, 282283

Kot, Edward, 153

Koval, Sergei, 181182, 184186, 188189

Kovalchuk, Yuri, 186

Kozak, Dmitry, 254, 256

Kozlovsky, Stas, 166167, 219220

Kozlyuk, Artem, 220, 266

Kramer, Terry, 234

Kremlin, 340341

bloggers of, 116117

See also specific topics

Kremlin Senate building, 102103

Krutskikh, Andrey, 223224, 226229, 324

ITU and, 231237

Kryuchkov, Vladimir, 3133, 42

Ksenzov, Maxim, 197, 216217, 261262, 267

blacklist and, 200201

Kucherena, Anatoly, 206208, 210

Kuchino, Russia, 67, 7475, 179180

Kudrin, Alexey, 158159

Kudryavtsev, Gennady, 1720, 46

Kurchatov, Igor, 25

Kurchatov Institute, 2526, 2830, 4748

Kyivstar, 278279

Kyrgyzstan, 190191

Latvia, 7778

Lavrishchev, Alexey, 249250

Lavrov, Sergei, 330331

leaflet, 3435

leak, 6668

See also WikiLeaks

Lebedev, Artemy, 97, 99

Lee Kuan Yew, 121

legislation, 166167, 214216, 220

Lenin, Vladimir, 11

Lenko, Maxim, 287

Lesin, Mikhail, 9498, 102, 219

Levanov, Viktor, 294295

Levenchuk, Anatoly, 4849, 55, 95

Egorova and, 6668, 84

ethics and, 187188

Leviev, Ruslan, 267269, 272, 300

Levova, Irina, 166, 168

Levshits, Nikolai, 254

libertarianism, 67

LifeNews, 339

Litvinenko, Alexander, 263264

Litvinov, Maxim, 280

Litvinovich, Marina, 94, 97, 106

LiveJournal.com, 109, 116, 146, 149, 153

Lokshina, Tanya, 203

Snowden and, 204209

Loshak, Viktor, 57

Lubyanka Square, 76

Lugovoi, Andrei, 263264, 296

Lukashevsky, Sergei, 164, 263

Luzhkov, Yuri, 8587

Lyubov, 7981

M9, 50, 8384

Maidan uprising, 216, 275

America on, 283287

denial-of-service attack in, 279280

Guardian in, 281282

hotline for, 276277

intimidation in, 277278, 287288

photographs in, 284285

quasi-news agency in, 284285

SBU in, 279, 287

SORM and, 279, 288289

trolls in, 281285

Main Intelligence Department (GRU), 320, 328

Maksimov, Sergei, 321

malware, 162163, 199200, 255

Mamut, Alexander, 261

Marfino, Russia, 37, 178179, 181182

Markoff, Michele, 324325

Marshall Center for Security Studies, 228229

Martynov, Valentin, 181182

Masterskaya, 161162

McKune, Sarah, 240

Media Gvardiya (Media Guard), 201202

Mediaimpuls, 282283

Media-Most, 8788, 9192, 101102, 105

Medvedev, Dmitry, 92, 216

disclosure by, 251252

Interior Ministry of, 115116

modernization with, 130132

normalcy of, 131133

presidential election and, 128135

Putin with, 110

retirement age and, 129

with Sindeeva, 129131

terrorism and, 123124

Twitter for, 120121

Melkonyants, Grigory, 137139

Merkel, Angela, 237

Merlins Tower. See Parkhomenko

metadata gathering, 251, 256257

metro stations, 176177

Mexico, 184185

Mikhailov, Sergei, 126, 332, 334

military, 305

military-industrial complex, 13

Miller, Christopher, 286287

Ministry of Communications, 1920, 7374, 168169

Ministry of Security, 5152

Ministry of State Security, 3, 5

Mints, Alexander, 4

Mishenkov, Sergei, 7375

Mitkova, Tatiana, 102

modems, 30

modernization, 130132

moonlighting, 126127

Moscow, 36, 76, 132

Moscow State Institute of International Relations, 217218

Moskovskie Novosti, 5758, 8889

Moskovsky Komsomolets, 34

MSK-IX, 5051, 83, 304

Mubarak, Hosni, 123

Mu?oz, Felipe, 188189

Myshkin, Lev (fictitious name), 285, 287

Nakashima, Ellen, 319320

National News Service, 53

National Security Agency (NSA), 202

national sovereignty, 233238

nationalism, 226227

nations

digital sovereignty of, 233237

systems and, 195

Navalny, Alexey, 120, 166, 260

anger of, 159160

arrests of, 141142, 146, 164165, 272273

blocking of, 261262, 267

on Lee Kuan Yew, 121

Leviev with, 267269

after presidential election, 162

prison for, 272273

against Putin, 136, 153, 159160

Yandex and, 296

Navalny, Oleg, 272273

Nayyem, Mustafa, 275, 290

Nazis, 269

Nemtsov, Boris, 135136, 154, 156, 254, 260

assassination of, 339340

networks, 2830

social, 163, 200201

news aggregators, 63, 106107

Newscaster, 269

newspapers, 11

Newsru.com, 108

Nikiforov, Nikolai, 232, 237238

Nikitin, Sergei, 205208

Nishihata, Masashi, 240

Nord-Ost theater crisis, 107108

North Caucasus, 245247

Nossik, Anton, 6263

blacklists and, 172, 264265

DDOS and, 149

against FSB, 211212

Lesin and, 9598

on LiveJournal.com, 109

Pavlovsky with, 9394

Novaya Gazeta, 151, 316

Kaspersky and, 198199

NSA. See National Security Agency

NTV, 8687, 91

Putin and, 102105

Nuland, Victoria, 285287

Obama, Barack, 283, 323, 326

Putin and, 237, 246

object control, 81

OCCRP. See Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project

Okhotin, Grigory, 141142, 157158

oligarchs, 113, 341

blogs for, 109

Internet of, 106

Olympics

Boston marathon bombing and, 245247

communications at, 253254

corruption related to, 254

disclosure about, 250251

fear related to, 242

Guardian on, 249250

for international telecommunications, 1719

Islamic militants and, 252253

journalists and, 242

metadata gathering at, 251, 256257

OMON at, 243

protest related to, 255

Putin and, 252, 256

security at, 240242, 248

SORM on, 241, 243245

surveillance on, 240245

Volgograd bombing and, 252253

WiFi at, 248

OMON, 243

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovic (Solzhenitsyn), 26

Operative-Search Measures (ORM), 289

Operative-Technical Department (OTU), 289

Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), 313, 316317

ORKI. See Otdel Rassledovania Kompruternikh Incidentov

ORM. See Operative-Search Measures

ORT, 8687

Otdel Rassledovania Kompruternikh Incidentov (ORKI), 331332

OTU. See Operative-Technical Department

Panama Papers, 313316

paranoia, 5758

Paritsky, Alexander, 1516

Paritsky, Dora, 1516

Paritsky, Polya, 1516

Parkhomenko, Sergei, 260

expos? by, 5558

protests related to, 143144, 158

publication of, 5758

secrecy of, 57

sources for, 8788

parliamentary election fraud

anger after, 140141

arrests after, 141142

Azar and, 139140

Gershenzon on, 140141

Golos related to, 137139

observers of, 137139

protest after, 142147

Pashkova, Olga, 264

Pavlovsky, Gleb, 108

Gusinsky and, 9192

with Nossik, 9394

Putin and, 9297, 106

perestroika (reform movement), 34, 91

personal computers, 2023

Peskov, Dmitry, 270, 314, 318, 320, 328

phonoscopy, 5, 179180

criminals and, 184185

photocopying machine, 8, 37

censorship and, 910

photographs, 284285

cameras, 58, 147, 175176, 247248

Pinsker, Dmitry, 8788

pirate tower, 278279

Platonov, Alexey, 9597

Plushev, Alexander, 219

Podesta, John, 319, 329

policy of openness and transparency (glasnost), 3536, 88

Politkovskaya, Anna, 106, 313314

poll, 269

Ponomarev, Ilya, 169

post office boxes, 1314

power, 340341

Pravda, 5

presidential elections

in America, 311, 317319, 327331, 335337

Medvedev and, 128135

Putin and, 101, 128, 133137, 161162

Press, Larry, 39

Primakov, Yevgeny, 8586, 196

prime minister, 85, 88

printing press, 343

PRISM, 250

prison camps. See sharashka

prisons, 334

for Navalny, A., 272273

Romanova, O., related to, 156157

privacy, 202

Privacy International, 169, 240241, 244

problem of attribution, 325326

procurement agency website, 243, 248

propaganda, 1112, 280281

Prospect Sakharova, 157160

Protection of State Secrets in the Press (Glavlit), 12

Protei, 189191

protests, 124125, 312

at Bolotnaya Square, 144147, 157, 163165

drones at, 147

malware about, 162163

Olympics related to, 255

options related to, 165166

Parkhomenko related to, 143144, 158

permit for, 143144

at Prospect Sakharova, 157160

Putin on, 155156

Revolution Square for, 142143

television related to, 170171

transparency from, 146, 153154

Ukraine related to, 271

white ribbon at, 146, 156

See also Maidan uprising

public debate, 9798

Pussy Riot, 255

Putin, Vladimir, 223

in crises, 342343

cynicism from, 336337

against demonstrations, 124125

fear of, 124

FSB and, 93

generational stagnation and, 128129

Google against, 233

Gusinsky and, 104105

on hackers, 325326

Internet leaders with, 299302

journalists and, 90

KGB and, 8890, 9899

Medvedev with, 110

Navalny, A., against, 136, 153, 159160

Nemtsov against, 135136

NTV and, 102105

Obama and, 237, 246

Olympics and, 252, 256

on Panama Papers, 315316, 318

Pavlovsky and, 9297, 106

presidential election and, 101, 128, 133137, 161162

as prime minister, 85, 88

on protests, 155156

with Shchegolev, 196197

Snowden and, 203, 209215, 221

Soldatov, Alexey, and, 9598

SORM and, 89

sovereign democracy of, 113

systems and, 195196

Tour? and, 231

TV Dozhd and, 134135, 270

Yanukovych and, 259260

Pyatt, Geoffrey, 285287

quasi-news agency, 284285

radios, 12, 4142, 74

Radziwiniwicz, Wacek, 253254

Rambler.ru, 62

Red October chocolate factory, 118

reform movement (perestroika), 34, 91

Reiman, Leonid, 96

Relcom, 2930, 110

business of, 4849, 5355

in coup attempt, 3640, 4243

See also Soldatov, Alexey

retirement age, 129

Reznik, Henri, 206

Roldugin, Sergei, 314, 318

Romanova, Olga, 59, 156157, 263

Romanova, Svetlana, 135

Romantsova, Sasha, 276278

Roskomnadzor (Federal Agency for Supervision of Communications), 172173, 190, 196, 266, 341

blocking of, 268269

exposure of, 268

against Facebook, 200, 272

outreach of, 271272

against social networks, 200201

on SORM, 243244

against Ukraine, 260261

Yandex and, 302303

Ross, Alec, 125

Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 5960

Rostelecom, 304

Roth, Kenneth, 204

Russia, 217218, 220222

China compared to, 320321, 341

mistrust in, 335336

Security Council, 304305

Supreme Court of, 243244

Ukraine compared to, 288290

Russia Behind Bars, 156

Russian Association for Electronic Communications, 218219

Russian proposals, 233236

Ryklin, Alexander, 264

Rykov, Oleg, 9495

Ryzhkov, Nikolai, 4647

Ryzhkov, Vladimir, 143144

Sadowsky, George, 230231

Safe Internet League, 298

Sakharov, Andrei, 34, 88

Sakharov Center meeting, 262

blacklists at, 263265

samizdat and, 265

Salt Lake City, 224

samizdat (self-published manuscripts), 11, 265

sanctioned surveillance, 78

Saprykin, Yuri, 135, 171

satire, 103

Sayano-Shushenskaya Station explosion, 117

SBU. See Security Service of Ukraine

Schmidt, Howard, 298

Scientific Research Institute of Polygraphic Engineering, 79

search engines, 111

Sechin, Igor, 292

secure telephone technology, 178179

security, 240242, 248

Security Council, 304305

Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), 279, 287

Sedov, Stanislav, 147

Segodnya, 5556, 5862, 156

Sekeresh, Vadim, 190

self-censorship, 13, 340

self-published manuscripts (samizdat), 11, 265

Semantic Archive team, 127128

Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 163

sharashka (prison camps), 26, 77

Kuchino as, 7475, 179180

in Marfino, 37, 178179, 181182

Shchegolev, Igor, 121, 196197, 232

Shenderovich, Viktor, 103104, 262

Sheremetyevo Airport, 202203, 206208

Sherstyuk, Vladislav, 224226, 228

Shevelev, Mikhail, 89, 164

Shibanova, Lilia, 138139

Shlyapobersky, Victor, 288

Silaev, Ivan, 41

Sindeeva, Natalia, 117119, 129131

Singapore, 121

Sinodov, Yuri, 125127

Skolkovo technopark, 132

Slon.ru, 150

Smirnov, Sergei, 163

Snowden, Edward, 222, 237238

Lokshina and, 204209

Putin and, 203, 209215, 221

at Sheremetyevo Airport, 202203, 206208

Venediktov and, 218219

warrants and, 202, 214

Sobchak, Anatoly, 89

soccer match, 175176

Sochi. See Olympics

social media, 166167, 215216

propaganda on, 280281

social networks, 163, 200201

See also Facebook

Soldatov, Alexey, 2728, 34, 110

Bardin with, 3638

business for, 49, 5355

Putin and, 9598

Velikhov with, 2930, 54

Soldatov, Andrei, 33, 110, 215

with evidence, 3435

as journalist, 5860, 7577

Solovki prison camp, 76

Solzhenitsyn, Alexander, 5, 26, 178179

Sonne, Byron, 247248

SORM. See System of Operative Search Measures

SORM-1, 70, 73, 7881

SORM-2, 70, 73

SORM-3, 70

Sorokina, Svetlana, 102104

Soros, George, 49, 314315

sovereign democracy, 113

Soviet Academy of Sciences, 2021

Soviet Union dissolution, 45

speech recognition, 5, 179184 telephone eavesdropping and, 7, 1617

Speech Technology Center, 184

Stalin, Joseph, 35, 1011, 26, 90

telephones for, 178179

Starovoitov, Alexander, 54

Stasi, 8283

Steel, Christopher, 327

Stepashin, Sergei, 85

Stone, Roger, 329

Stoyanov, Ruslan, 331335

Strana.ru, 108109

subdomains, 268

suicide bombers, 252253

Sullivan, Drew, 316317

Supreme Court, 243244

Surkov, Vladislav, 111114, 119, 160

surveillance, 7981, 218

in America, 78, 180, 202, 213

Symantec, 162

Syromolotov, Oleg, 240, 242

System of Operative Search Measures (SORM)

America and, 244245

Bykov on, 7578

control points for, 8182

controllers on, 7981

criticism of, 6970, 211212

DPI and, 170, 212

illegality of, 211

for ISP, 66, 6884

journalists related to, 7184

Levenchuk and, 6768, 84

Lyubov on, 7981

at M9, 8384

Maidan uprising and, 279, 288289

Mishenkov on, 7375

on Olympics, 241, 243245

posting of, 6871

from Protei, 189190

Putin and, 89

Roskomnadzor on, 243244

Russian Supreme Court on, 243244

systems, 195

Tatarstan, 161, 232

Tavrin, Ivan, 291

telecommunications, 304

telephone eavesdropping, 33, 83

in Colombia, 188189

on Internet, 154

by KGB, 3132, 7273, 77, 8182

Ministry of Security and, 5152

as SORM-1, 70, 7881

speech recognition and, 7, 1617

telephones, 15, 1719, 47

cell phones, 74, 204, 237, 255

Kopelev and, 14, 178180, 185

television, 8687, 91, 101, 119120

protests related to, 170171

terrorism, 123124

See also Chechen

the Thaw, 10

Timakova, Natalia, 130131

Timchenko, Galina, 261, 264265

Titov, Anton, 102, 104

Tor, 264

Toronto, Canada, 239

Tour?, Hamadoun I., 230231

Trakhtman, Abram, 36, 178

Transneft, 120

transparency, 146, 153154

transportation, 115116

treason, 306, 334

Tregubova, Elena, 87, 89

trolls, 116, 281285

Trump, Donald, 327331, 335337

Tsarnaev, Dzhokhar, 245

Tsarnaev, Tamerlan, 245246

TV Dozhd, 117119, 145, 171, 219, 271

attack on, 269270

Putin and, 134135, 270

Zharov on, 197

See also Sindeeva, Natalia

Twitter, 200, 207

for Medvedev, 120121

Ukraine related to, 216217

Twomey, Paul, 229230

typewriters, 1112

Udaltsov, Sergei, 164165, 170

Ukraine, 155156

conspiracy in, 259260

EU and, 275

protest related to, 271

Roskomnadzor against, 260261

Russia compared to, 288290

SBU, 279, 287

Twitter related to, 216217

war in, 260, 305

Yandex and, 303

See also Maidan uprising

Umarov, Dokku, 253

unemployment, 105106, 109

United Nations, 205, 225, 229

ITU and, 230235

United Russia Party, 134, 137, 139140

See also Putin, Vladimir

United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 314316

Unity Party, 9192

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 205

Unix operating system, 2728

Urazhtsev, Vitaly, 80

Uribe, ?lvaro, 189

USAID. See United States Agency for International Development

Usmanov, Alisher, 109, 112, 292

Uzbekistan, 190

Varlamov, Ilya, 147

Varlamov, Kirill, 300302

Vasilyeva, Nataliya, 254

Veld, Sophie in t, 252

Velikhov, Yevgeny

Andropov with, 22

Fredkin with, 2023

on Kurchatov Institute, 2526

Soldatov, Alexey, with, 2930, 54

Velikovsky, Mika, 312315

Venediktov, Alexey, 155

Snowden and, 218219

Versiya, 107108

VimpelCom, 211

Vinokurov, Alexander, 118

VKontakte, 153, 280281, 291292

dispersed users of, 294

FBS against, 293

Russian soldiers on, 307309

VNET, 4849

Volkov, Leonid, 171

Volodin, Vyacheslav, 282

on blacklist, 167168

Surkov compared to, 160

Voloshin, Alexander, 8687

Volozh, Arkady, 98, 167, 299301

Surkov and, 111112

Walker, Shaun, 249250

war, 260, 284, 305

warrants

FSB and, 6869

Kyivstar and, 279

legislation and, 214

sanctioned surveillance and, 78

Snowden and, 202, 214

websites, 157158, 243, 248

West, 73, 124

See also America

WiFi, 248, 251

WikiLeaks, 190, 207, 312313

against OCCRP, 314

presidential election and, 329330

Sullivan and, 316317

See also Assange, Julian; Snowden, Edward

Wikipedia, 166167, 219220

wiretapping. See telephone eavesdropping

women, 7981

The World Turned Upside Down (Hill), 343

World War II, 284

Yagoda, Genrikh, 1920

Yakovlev, Yegor, 57

Yakushev, Mikhail, 96

Yanayev, Gennady, 31

telephone eavesdropping on, 33

Yandex, 291

algorithm of, 114115

attack against, 295296

game of, 114115

Gershenzon of, 112115

on Internet, 111112

Navalny, A., and, 296

partners of, 114

Roskomnadzor and, 302303

Ukraine and, 303

Yandex Money, 157

Yanukovych, Viktor, 259260, 275, 321322

See also Ukraine

Yarnikh, Andrey, 297

Yashin, Ilya, 136, 141142, 146

Yazov, Dmitry, 31

Yeltsin, Boris, 99

Bardin and, 3738

Bulgak with, 4042

family of, 8586

FSB and, 5253

Korzhakov with, 5556, 58

leaflet from, 3435

prime ministers of, 85

surveillance of, 7981

telephone eavesdropping on, 3233

youth organizations, 116

Media Gvardiya, 201202

YouTube, 165, 272

blacklist and, 168169

diplomats on, 285286

Innocence of Muslims and, 169, 198

Yumasheva, Tatyana, 86

Yumashev, Valentin, 86

Yushchenko, President, 155156

Zharov, Alexander

on blacklist, 201

Putin with, 196197

on TV Dozhd, 197

Zhunich, Marina, 167168

Google and, 217218

Zionism, 1417

Zygar, Mikhail, 119, 131, 134

debate and, 171

Zyuganov, Gennady, 53


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