Книга: Standard Template Library Programmer
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pointer_to_binary_function<Arg1, Arg2, Result>
Categories: functors, adaptors
Component type: type
Pointer_to_binary_function is a function object adaptor that allows a function pointer Result (*f)(Arg1, Arg2) to be treated as an Adaptable Binary Function . That is: if F is a pointer_to_binary_function<Arg1, Arg2, Result> that was initialized with an underlying function pointer f of type Result (*)(Arg1, Arg2), then F(x, y) calls the function f(x, y). The difference between f and F is that pointer_to_binary_function is an Adaptable Binary Function, i.e. it defines the nested typedef s first_argument_type, second_argument_type, and result_type.
Note that a function pointer of type Result (*)(Arg1, Arg2) is a perfectly good Binary Function object, and may be passed to an STL algorithm that expects an argument that is a Binary Function . The only reason for using the pointer_to_binary_function class is if you need to use an ordinary function in a context that requires an Adaptable Binary Function, e.g. as the argument of a function object adaptor.
Most of the time, you need not declare an object of type pointer_to_binary_function directly. It is almost always easier to construct one using the ptr_fun function.
The following code fragment finds the first string in a list that is equal to "OK". It uses the standard library function strcmp as an argument to a function object adaptor, so it must first use a pointer_to_binary_function adaptor to give strcmp the Adaptable Binary Function interface.
list<char*>::iterator item = find_if(L.begin(), L.end(), not1(binder2nd(ptr_fun(strcmp), "OK")));
Defined in the standard header functional, and in the nonstandard backward-compatibility header function.h.
||The function object's first argument type|
||The function object's second argument type|
||The function object's result type|
Adaptable Binary Function
Arg1 is Assignable.
Arg2 is Assignable.
Result is Assignable.
Public base classes
binary_function<Arg1, Arg2, Result>
||Adaptable Binary Function||The type of the first argument: Arg1.|
||Adaptable Binary Function||The type of the second argument: Arg2|
||Adaptable Binary Function||The type of the result: Result|
||Binary Function||Function call operator.|
These members are not defined in the Adaptable Binary Function requirements, but are specific to pointer_to_binary_function.
||The constructor. Creates a pointer_to_binary_function whose underlying function is f.|
||The default constructor. This creates a pointer_to_binary_function that does not have an underlying function, and that therefore cannot actually be called.|
||If f is of type Result (*)(Arg1, Arg2) then ptr_fun(f) is equivalent to pointer_to_binary_function<Arg1,Arg2,Result>(f), but more convenient. This is a global function, not a member function.|
pointer_to_unary_function, ptr_fun, Adaptable Binary Function
- Adaptable Generator
- Adaptable Binary Function
- Function object adaptors
- Member function adaptors
- EXTERNAL FUNCTION DIRECTORY
- Binary Serialization
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