Книга: C# 2008 Programmer

Exception Chaining

Exception Chaining

The InnerException property is of type Exception, and it can be used to store a list of previous exceptions. This is known as exception chaining.

To see how exception chaining works, consider the following program:

class Program {
 static void Main(string[] args) {
  Program myApp = new Program();
  try {
   myApp.Method1();
  } catch (Exception ex) {
   Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
   if (ex.InnerException != null)
    Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.ToString());
  }
  Console.ReadLine();
 }
 private void Method1() {
  try {
   Method2();
  } catch (Exception ex) {
   throw new Exception(
    "Exception caused by calling Method2() in Method1().", ex);
  }
 }
 private void Method2() {
  try {
   Method3();
  } catch (Exception ex) {
   throw new Exception(
    "Exception caused by calling Method3() in Method2().", ex);
  }
 }
 private void Method3() {
  try {
   int num1 = 5, num2 = 0;
   int result = num1 / num2;
  } catch (DivideByZeroException ex) {
   throw new Exception("Division by zero error in Method3().", ex);
  }
 }
}

In this program, the Main() function calls Method1(), which in turns calls Method2(). Method2() then calls Method3(). In Method3(), a division-by-zero exception occurs and you rethrow a new Exception exception by passing in the current exception (DividebyZeroException). This exception is caught by Method2(), which rethrows a new Exception exception by passing in the current exception. Method1() in turn catches the exception and rethrows a new Exception exception. Finally, the Main() function catches the exception and prints out the result as shown in Figure 12-4.


Figure 12-4

If you set a breakpoint in the catch block within the Main() function, you will see that the InnerException property contains details of each exception and that all the exceptions are chained via the InnerException property (see Figure 12-5).


Figure 12-5 

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