Книга: Standard Template Library Programmer



Categories: containers, functors

Component type: type


The function object hash<T> is a Hash Function; it is used as the default hash function by all of the Hashed Associative Containers that are included in the STL.

The hash<T> template is only defined for template arguments of type char*, const char*, crope, wrope, and the built-in integral types. [1] If you need a Hash Function with a different argument type, you must either provide your own template specialization or else use a different Hash Function.


int main() {
 hash<const char*> H;
 cout << "foo –> " << H("foo") << endl;
 cout << "bar –> " << H("bar") << endl;


Defined in the headers hash_map and hash_set, and in the backward-compatibility headers hash_map.h and hash_set.h. This class is an SGI extension; it is not part of the C++ standard.

Template parameters

Parameter Description
T The argument type. That is, the type of object that is being hashed.

Model of

Hash Function

Type requirements

T must be a type for which a specialization of hash has been defined. The STL defines the following specializations:

• char*
• const char*
• crope
• wrope
• char
• signed char
• unsigned char
• short
• unsigned short
• int
• unsigned int
• long
• unsigned long

Public base classes



Member Where defined Description
size_t operator()(const T& x) Hash Function Returns x's hash value.

New members

All of hash's members are defined in the Hash Function requirements. Hash does not introduce any new members.


[1] Technically, what this means is that the actual template hash<T> is an empty class; the member function operator() is defined only in the various specializations.

See also

Hashed Associative Container, Hash Function

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