Книга: Windows Server 2012 R2 Storage, Security, & Networking Pocket Consultant

Object ownership and transfer

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Object ownership and transfer

It’s important to understand the concept of object ownership. In Windows Server 2012 R2, the object owner isn’t necessarily the object’s creator; instead, the object owner is the person who has direct control over the object. Object owners can grant access permissions and give other users permission to take ownership of the object.

As an administrator, you can take ownership of objects on the network to ensure that you can’t be locked out of files, folders, printers, and other resources. After you take ownership of files, however, you can’t return ownership to the original owner (in most cases). This prevents administrators from accessing files and then trying to hide the fact.

The way ownership is assigned initially depends on the location of the resource being created. In most cases, the Administrators group is listed as the current owner, and the object’s actual creator is listed as a person who can take ownership.

Ownership can be transferred in several ways:

? If the Administrators group is initially assigned as the owner, the creator of the object can take ownership, if she does this before someone else takes ownership.

? The current owner can grant the Take Ownership permission to other users, allowing those users to take ownership of the object.

? An administrator can take ownership of an object, if the object is under his administrative control.

To take ownership of an object, follow these steps:

1. Open the management tool for the object. For example, if you want to work with files and folders, start File Explorer.

2. Press and hold or right-click the object you want to take ownership of, and then tap or click Properties. In the Properties dialog box, tap or click the Security tab.

3. On the Security tab, tap or click Advanced to display the Advanced Security Settings dialog box where the current owner is listed under the file or folder name.

4. Tap or click Change. Use the options in the Select User, Computer, Service Account, Or Group dialog box to select the new owner.

5. Tap or click OK twice when you have finished.

TIP If you’re taking ownership of a folder, you can take ownership of all subfolders and files within the folder by selecting the Replace Owner On Subcontainers And Objects check box. This option also works with objects that contain other objects, in which case you would take ownership of all child objects.

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