: UNIX

5.6 CLOS

5.6 CLOS

, . close ():

close(fd);

fd . , . , , 1, , dup fork, , , ; . , 1, , open ( iput). , , ; , 0. close , . , . , , , . , .

5.11, , , 5.4, , . , 3 4 , . 0, . /etc/passwd private . private , 0, . - private, , , 4.1.2.


5.11.


: 0.112. /Cache: 5 / 0