Книга: Windows Server 2012 R2 Storage, Security, & Networking Pocket Consultant

Regenerating a striped set with parity

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Regenerating a striped set with parity

With RAID-5, you can recover the striped set with parity if a single drive fails. You’ll know that a striped set with parity drive has failed because the set’s status changes to Failed Redundancy and the individual volume’s status changes to Missing, Offline, or Online (Errors).

You can repair RAID-5 disks, but you must rebuild the set by using disks with the same partition style-either MBR or GPT. You need to get all drives in the RAID-5 set online. The set’s status should read Failed Redundancy. The corrective action you take depends on the failed volume’s status:

? If the status is Missing or Offline, make sure the drive has power and is connected properly. Then start Disk Management, press and hold or right-click the failed volume, and select Reactivate Volume. The drive’s status should change to Regenerating and then to Healthy. If the drive’s status doesn’t return to Healthy, press and hold or right-click the volume and select Regenerate Parity.

? If the status is Online (Errors), press and hold or right-click the failed volume, and select Reactivate Volume. The drive’s status should change to Regenerating and then to Healthy. If the drive’s status doesn’t return to Healthy, press and hold or right-click the volume and select Regenerate Parity.

? If one of the drives shows as Unreadable, you might need to rescan the drives on the system by choosing Rescan Disks from Disk Management’s Action menu. If the drive status doesn’t change, you might need to reboot the computer.

? If one of the drives still won’t come back online, you need to repair the failed region of the RAID-5 set. Press and hold or right-click the failed volume, and then select Remove Volume. You now need to select an unallocated space on a separate dynamic disk for the RAID-5 set. This space must be at least as large as the region to repair, and it can’t be on a drive that the RAID-5 set is already using. If you don’t have enough space, the Repair Volume command is unavailable, and you need to free space by deleting other volumes or by replacing the failed drive.

BEST PRACTICES If possible, you should back up the data before you perform this procedure to ensure that if you have problems, you can recover your data.

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